Further Reading: Genes & Plasmids

For accessible discussions of the role of plasmids in biological research, see Thomas D. Brock, The Emergence of Bacterial Genetics (Cold Spring Harbor, New York: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 1990); Stephen S. Hall, Invisible Frontiers: The Race to Synthesize a Human Gene (New York: Harper & Row, 1988).; Sheldon Krimsky, Genetic Alchemy: The Social History of the Recombinant DNA Controversy (Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press, 1982); and Daniel J. Kevles, "A History of the Science and Technology behind Gene Mapping and Sequencing" in The Code of Codes: Scientific and Social Issues in the Human Genome Project, edited by Daniel J. Kevles and Leroy Hood (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1992).

For a discussion oriented more toward biologists, see Desmond S.T. Nicholl, An Introduction to Genetic Engineering, 2nd ed. (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002), pp. 60-66.