Further reading: Bioart

For websites that document art exhibitions that featured bioart projects, see the sites for the "Paradise Now" exhibition and the Gene(sis) exhibition. See as well the Art et Biotechnologies CD-ROM, edited by Louise Poissant and Ernestine Daubner (Québec: Presses de l'Université du Québec).

For discussions of recent bioart projects that employ living organisms, see George Gessert, "A History of Art Involving DNA," in LifeScience, ed. by Gerfried Stocker and Christine Schopf (New York: Springer, 1999), pp. 228-36; Suzanne Anker, Dorothy Nelkin, The Molecular Gaze: Art in the Genetic Age (Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y.: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2004); Steve Tomasula, "Gene(sis)," Eduardo Kac, "Transgenic Art Online," and Robin Held, "Gene(sis): Contemporary Art Explores Human Genomics," all in Robert Mitchell and Phillip Thurtle, Data Made Flesh: Embodying Information (New York: Routledge, 2003), pp. 249-58, 259-62, 263-78. We are also indebted to Eugene Thacker's Biomedia (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2004), for one possible theoretical framework for understanding bioart.